Categories: ConditionsHelpful Tips

“In the Know” on Men’s Vision

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Historically men are less likely than women to go to the doctor and address any health concerns. This month take the time to learn more about how you can maintain healthy vision. When you see an ophthalmologist you will likely be screened for diseases such as glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Routine vision screenings are essential to maintaining healthy vision, preventing permanent vision loss and even detecting diseases beyond the eye.

3 Systemic Diseases that Manifest in the Eye

Even if you have great vision, seeing a specialist can save your vision and even your life.


#1 Diabetes

Men are at higher risk of developing Type II Diabetes

Changes to retinal blood vessels found in the light sensing tissue in the back of the eye known as the retina, can be early symptoms of diabetes. Detection of bleeding or leaking of these blood vessels can lead to early diagnosis of diabetes which is known to cause a number of eye complications that include conditions such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema (DME), cataracts and glaucoma. If left untreated, many have lost their vision and have even gone blind from this disease. Early detection of diabetes within the eye cannot only prevent vision loss, but a multitude of broader diabetic-related complications such as nerve damage, heart disease and even stroke.


#2 Hypertension

High blood pressure can increase with age but can even occur in men younger then 45

Hypertension or high blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels in your eye and can lead to hypertensive retinopathy. Over time, if high blood pressure is poorly controlled, major vision loss can occur due to damage to retinal blood vessels and even increase your risk for glaucoma. Associate Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology and Retina specialist, Andrew Moshfeghi MD, MBA, recommends regular eye exams. “Earlier detection of hypertensive retinopathy can alert your physician to the possibility of broader complications of hypertension including heart disease and stroke,” says Moshfeghi.


#3 Cancer

Metastases of lung cancer in and around the eye is more common in men

Breast and lung cancers are the most common primary malignancies that can metastasize to the eye and surrounding tissues. A study recently reported that in multiple cases, detection of eye metastases is often the first indicator of an underlying malignancy. Most notably for men, although relatively rare, prostate cancer can also metastasize to the eye. Regular ophthalmic exams for men in addition to routine physicals, which include prostate exams, are essential, as early detection will lead to better outcomes.

Thus routine eye exams can provide valuable information about your overall health. To schedule a consultation at our Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, or Arcadia location call 323-442-6335.
 

For further information:

1. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/weight-management/keeping-active-healthy-eating-men
2. https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/blog/men-at-higher-risk-for-type-2-diabetes/
3. https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm
4. http://bjo.bmj.com/content/bjophthalmol/89/12/1646.full.pdf
5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4346676/
6. http://www.ocularmelanoma.org/types-of-eye-cancer.htm

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